Tag: company structure

Tag: company structure

Mastering Corporate Law in Poland: A Comprehensive Guide for Lawyers


Corporate law forms the foundation of business transactions and governance in Poland. As a lawyer practicing in this field, it is essential to possess a comprehensive understanding of the country’s corporate legal framework to provide effective advice and representation to clients. From formation and governance to mergers and acquisitions, corporate law encompasses a wide range of legal principles and practices. This article serves as a comprehensive guide to navigating corporate law in Poland.

Company Formation and Structure:

The process of forming a company in Poland involves complying with legal requirements and selecting an appropriate business structure. Lawyers must guide clients through the registration process, including drafting articles of association, determining share capital, and ensuring compliance with the Commercial Companies Code. Understanding the distinctions between various types of entities, such as joint-stock companies, limited liability companies, and partnerships, is crucial when advising clients on the most suitable structure for their business.

Corporate Governance:

Corporate governance plays a vital role in promoting transparency, accountability, and the protection of shareholders’ rights. Lawyers must assist clients in developing effective governance structures, including drafting bylaws, shareholder agreements, and board charters. They must also provide guidance on directors’ duties, conflicts of interest, and corporate disclosure obligations.

Shareholders’ Rights and Disputes:

Protecting shareholders’ rights and resolving disputes is a critical aspect of corporate law. Lawyers must advise clients on matters such as shareholder agreements, voting rights, dividend distributions, and the exercise of minority shareholders’ rights. In case of disputes, they must navigate mediation, arbitration, or litigation to safeguard clients’ interests and seek equitable resolutions.

Mergers, Acquisitions, and Corporate Restructuring:

Mergers, acquisitions, and corporate restructuring transactions require comprehensive legal expertise. Lawyers must guide clients through due diligence, negotiate and draft agreements, and secure regulatory approvals. They must have a deep understanding of antitrust regulations, tax considerations, employment law implications, and intellectual property rights. Effective negotiation skills and attention to detail are crucial for achieving successful outcomes in these complex transactions.

Compliance and Regulatory Matters:

Compliance with corporate regulations and industry-specific laws is essential for businesses operating in Poland. Lawyers must advise clients on legal obligations, such as financial reporting, data protection, competition law, and anti-corruption measures. They must stay up to date with regulatory developments and guide clients in implementing effective compliance programs to mitigate risks.

Corporate Litigation and Dispute Resolution:

Corporate disputes can arise from breaches of contracts, shareholder disputes, or boardroom conflicts. Lawyers must have expertise in corporate litigation and alternative dispute resolution methods. They must possess strong negotiation, mediation, and litigation skills to represent clients effectively and seek favourable resolutions.


Corporate law forms the backbone of business operations and transactions in Poland. Lawyers practicing in this field must possess a comprehensive understanding of the legal framework, corporate governance principles, and transactional intricacies. By mastering corporate law, lawyers can provide clients with sound advice, guide them through complex transactions, and help them navigate potential legal challenges. Understanding the nuances of corporate law in Poland empowers lawyers to protect clients’ interests, ensure compliance, and contribute to the success of their corporate endeavours.

How We Can Assist You in Real Estate and Construction Law Matters

At our firm, we have extensive experience in handling a wide range of real estate and construction law matters. Our team of dedicated lawyers is committed to providing top-quality legal services tailored to meet your specific needs. Here’s how we can help you:

Purchase and Sale of Real Estate:

We represent investors in navigating the complex process of buying and selling real estate. Our team will guide you through the transaction, ensuring that all legal aspects are handled efficiently and effectively.

Lease and Sale-and-Lease Back Transactions:

Whether you are a landlord or tenant, we provide comprehensive legal representation in lease and sale-and-lease back real estate transactions. Our lawyers will negotiate and draft agreements that protect your interests and ensure a smooth transaction.

Development Projects:

For developers, we offer legal support in commercial and residential projects. From due diligence reviews to organizing permits and administrative decisions, we will provide guidance throughout the development process.

Construction Issues and Permits:

Our team assists clients in addressing contentious and non-contentious construction issues. We handle matters related to land use, planning, permitting, and environmental compliance. We also represent clients in proceedings to obtain permits and administrative decisions.

Taxation and Real Estate:

We understand the importance of tax efficiency and security in real estate transactions. Our lawyers provide expert advice on taxation matters related to real estate, including purchase/sale of land and buildings, tax investment relief, income tax implications, value-added tax (VAT), and real estate tax.

Dispute Resolution:

In the event of disputes with tax authorities or other parties, we have the expertise to represent you effectively. Our team will navigate the legal process, leveraging our experience and knowledge to protect your rights and achieve a favourable outcome.

Official Tax Interpretations:

If you require official tax interpretations for your specific circumstances, we can assist you in preparing formal applications. Our applications go beyond presenting facts and include comprehensive legal arguments and positions. Our goal is to present arguments that are readily accepted by tax authorities, ensuring a smooth and efficient resolution.

Legal Analysis and Jurisprudence:

To provide you with the best possible advice, we continuously analyze administrative court decisions and interpretations of tax authorities. This allows us to stay up to date with current legal status and practices, enabling us to provide you with informed and effective assistance.


When it comes to real estate and construction law matters, our dedicated team is here to provide you with exceptional legal services. From purchase and sale transactions to tax implications and dispute resolution, we have the expertise to guide you through every step of the process. Contact us today to discuss your specific needs and let us help you achieve your goals in real estate and construction.