Category: due diligence

Category: due diligence

Navigating Real Estate and Construction Law in Poland: A Comprehensive Guide for Lawyers


Real estate and construction law in Poland is a dynamic and multifaceted area of legal practice that requires a deep understanding of the country’s regulatory framework, property rights, and construction processes. For lawyers practicing in Poland, having a comprehensive grasp of real estate and construction law is essential to effectively represent clients in matters ranging from property transactions to construction disputes. This article serves as a comprehensive guide, covering key aspects of real estate and construction law in Poland.

Property Transactions:

Real estate transactions in Poland involve intricate legal processes. Lawyers play a pivotal role in conducting due diligence, reviewing contracts, and ensuring compliance with legal requirements. Understanding property rights, ownership structures, and registration procedures is essential. Lawyers must navigate issues such as land use restrictions, zoning regulations, and environmental considerations to safeguard clients’ interests.

Construction Contracts:

Construction projects require meticulous contract drafting and negotiation. Lawyers must be well-versed in construction law provisions and industry-standard contracts in Poland, such as the General Conditions of Contract (GCC) and FIDIC contracts. Ensuring clear terms regarding project scope, timelines, payment schedules, warranties, and dispute resolution mechanisms is crucial to mitigate potential conflicts and protect clients’ rights.

Permitting and Regulatory Compliance:

Compliance with regulatory requirements is a critical aspect of real estate and construction law. Lawyers must guide clients through the permitting process, including obtaining building permits, environmental assessments, and approvals from relevant authorities. Familiarity with zoning regulations, land use planning, and construction standards is essential to ensure adherence to legal obligations and mitigate potential risks.

Construction Disputes:

Disputes arising from construction projects can be complex and costly. Lawyers must be prepared to handle various types of disputes, including contract breaches, delays, defects, and payment issues. Understanding dispute resolution mechanisms, including negotiation, mediation, arbitration, or litigation, is crucial. Lawyers should possess strong negotiation and advocacy skills to effectively represent clients in resolving construction disputes.

Real Estate Development:

Real estate development involves a broad range of legal considerations, including land acquisition, project financing, permitting, construction contracts, and regulatory compliance. Lawyers play a central role in structuring and negotiating complex real estate development transactions, ensuring compliance with legal requirements, and protecting clients’ interests throughout the development process.

Real Estate Financing:

Financing is a critical aspect of real estate transactions and development projects. Lawyers must be well-versed in mortgage law, loan agreements, security instruments, and financing structures. They play a pivotal role in negotiating favourable financing terms, conducting due diligence, and ensuring compliance with financial regulations.


Real estate and construction law in Poland is a complex and evolving field. Lawyers practicing in this area must possess a comprehensive understanding of the legal and regulatory landscape, as well as industry practices. From property transactions to construction disputes, lawyers play a crucial role in protecting clients’ rights and ensuring compliance with legal requirements. By navigating the intricacies of real estate and construction law in Poland, lawyers can effectively represent clients, provide sound advice, and contribute to successful outcomes in real estate and construction matters.

How We Can Assist You in Real Estate and Construction Law Matters?

At KPBL, we have extensive experience in handling a wide range of real estate and construction law matters. Our team of dedicated lawyers is committed to providing top-quality legal services tailored to meet your specific needs. Here’s how we can help you:

Purchase and Sale of Real Estate:

We represent investors in navigating the complex process of buying and selling real estate. Our team will guide you through the transaction, ensuring that all legal aspects are handled efficiently and effectively.

Lease and Sale-and-Lease Back Transactions:

Whether you are a landlord or tenant, we provide comprehensive legal representation in lease and sale-and-lease back real estate transactions. Our lawyers will negotiate and draft agreements that protect your interests and ensure a smooth transaction.

Development Projects:

For developers, we offer legal support in commercial and residential projects. From due diligence reviews to organizing permits and administrative decisions, we will provide guidance throughout the development process.

Construction Issues and Permits:

Our team assists clients in addressing contentious and non-contentious construction issues. We handle matters related to land use, planning, permitting, and environmental compliance. We also represent clients in proceedings to obtain permits and administrative decisions.

Taxation and Real Estate:

We understand the importance of tax efficiency and security in real estate transactions. Our lawyers provide expert advice on taxation matters related to real estate, including purchase/sale of land and buildings, tax investment relief, income tax implications, value-added tax (VAT), and real estate tax.

Dispute Resolution:

In the event of disputes with tax authorities or other parties, we have the expertise to represent you effectively. Our team will navigate the legal process, leveraging our experience and knowledge to protect your rights and achieve a favourable outcome.

Official Tax Interpretations:

If you require official tax interpretations for your specific circumstances, we can assist you in preparing formal applications. Our applications go beyond presenting facts and include comprehensive legal arguments and positions. Our goal is to present arguments that are readily accepted by tax authorities, ensuring a smooth and efficient resolution.

Legal Analysis and Jurisprudence:

To provide you with the best possible advice, we continuously analyze administrative court decisions and interpretations of tax authorities. This allows us to stay up to date with current legal status and practices, enabling us to provide you with informed and effective assistance.


When it comes to real estate and construction law matters, our dedicated team is here to provide you with exceptional legal services. From purchase and sale transactions to tax implications and dispute resolution, we have the expertise to guide you through every step of the process. Contact us today to discuss your specific needs and let us help you achieve your goals in real estate and construction.